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Obesity Surgery

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    Obesity Surgery

    Bariatric surgery, including gastric bypass, involves making changes to your digestive system to help you lose weight. If diet and exercise haven’t worked or if your weight has caused serious health problems, bariatric surgery may be your best option. Some procedures limit how much you can eat. In other procedures, nutrients are not absorbed well by the body. Some procedures combine both. There are many benefits to bariatric surgery, but all types of weight-loss surgery come with serious risks and side effects. To ensure the long-term success of your bariatric surgery, you must make permanent changes to your diet and exercise regularly.

    Why do we need bariatric surgery?

    With bariatric surgery, you can lose excess weight and reduce your risk of potentially life-threatening weight-related health problems, such as:

    Stroke and heart disease
    The nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
    Apnea (sleep deprivation)
    Having type 2 diabetes

    Typically, bariatric surgery is only recommended after you have tried to lose weight through better diet and exercise.

    Bariatric surgery may be an option for you if: 

    Your body mass index (BMI), often known as extreme obesity, is 40 or higher.
    You have substantial weight-related health issues, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or severe sleep apnea, and your BMI is between 35 and 39.9, which is considered obese. If your BMI is between 30 and 34 and you have major weight-related health issues, you might be eligible for some types of weight-loss surgery.

    Not everyone who is extremely overweight should undergo bariatric surgery. To be eligible for weight-loss surgery, you might need to fulfill specific medical requirements. You’ll probably go through a rigorous screening process to discover if you qualify. To live a healthier lifestyle, you must also be prepared to make long-term adjustments. Long-term follow-up programs that track your diet, way of life, and behavior as well as your health issues may be expected of you.

    Sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical weight-loss technique in which the stomach is reduced to approximately 25% of its actual size by removing the major curve of the stomach. It can be performed with a laparoscopic or robotic method. This method shapes the stomach like a sleeve or a banana which restricts the appetite.

    With this surgery, your upper stomach is reduced to about the size of an egg. This is accomplished by stapling off the upper section of the stomach, so you can eat less food. Afterward, the surgeon attaches the pouch directly to the Roux limb of the small intestine which forms a “Y” shape. The food you eat bypasses your small intestine and the rest of your stomach and it results in absorbing less fat and calories from the food.

    This process is a bariatric surgery procedure that seeks to resize the stomach and diminish nutrient absorption. Within a short time after the surgery patient’s satisfaction increase noticeably merely because of the results caused by bypassing the 6 feet intestine during the process.

    It also has an appetite-suppressing effect, which allows bariatric patients to lose a lot of weight. It merges the positive aspects of sleeve gastrectomy and roux-en-y gastric bypass surgical methods.

    Transit bipartition surgery is a metabolic surgical procedure used to treat Type 2 diabetes and help obese individuals with BMIs above 30 lose weight. Developed by Dr. Santoro in Brazil 10 years ago, it is now widely accepted and used. Surgery involves connecting the small intestine’s 1/3 end to the stomach as an alternative passage. Hence, foods passing through here stimulate small intestine hormones to control diabetes.

    Gastric balloons are silicone balloons that are filled with saline water and inflated after they are inserted into the stomach. For people who cannot lose weight by diet and exercise or do not want to undergo surgery, as well as for those with high surgical risks, this is a temporary weight loss method applied endoscopically. It is necessary to remove the gastric balloon after a period ranging from six months to one year.